Physical security is the protection of personnel, hardware, software, networks, and data from physical actions and events that could cause serious loss or damage to an enterprise, agency or institution.
This includes protection from fire, flood, natural disasters, burglary, theft, vandalism, and terrorism.
Range of Services
Alarm systems & sensors
Electronic access control
Physical security systems for protected facilities are generally intended to:
- Deter potential intruders (e.g. warning signs and perimeter markings)
- Detect intrusions and monitor/record intruders (e.g. intruder alarms and CCTV systems)
- Trigger appropriate incident responses (e.g. by security guards and police).
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Physical barriers such as fences, walls, and vehicle barriers act as the outermost layer of security. They serve to prevent, or at least delay, attacks, and also act as a psychological deterrent by defining the perimeter of the facility and making intrusions seem more difficult. Tall fencing, topped with barbed wire, razor wire or metal spikes are often emplaced on the perimeter of a property, generally with some type of signage that warns people not to attempt to enter.
Another major form of deterrence that can be incorporated into the design of facilities is natural surveillance, whereby architects seek to build spaces that are more open and visible to security personnel and authorized users so that intruders/attackers are unable to perform the unauthorized activity without being seen.
Access control methods are used to monitor and control traffic through specific access points and areas of the secure facility. This is done using a variety of systems including CCTV surveillance, identification cards, security guards, and electronic/mechanical control systems such as locks, doors, turnstiles, and gates.